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The Five Pillars of Islam

1. Shahaadah (Testimony) Declaration of Faith

Muslims declare their faith by saying:

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُوْلُ اللَّهِ

There is none worthy of worship except Allah, & Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah

2. Salaah (Prayer)
Five Compulsory Daily Prayer

A physical and mental means of worship prescribed five times a day. These are to remember Allah and to seek forgiveness throughout the day. We face toward the Holy Kaa’bah in Makkah. Salaat (prayer) is performed at set times:before sunrise, at midday, in the afternoon, the sunsets and at nightfall.

3. Zakaat (Purity or Charity) Almsgiving

The arabic word Zakaat means to purify. Muslims give 2.5% of their surplus wealth to charity every year. this shows obedience to Allah and prevents greed. Zakaat is given to the poor and those that are less fortunate than ourselves. It is believed that by giving charity, the possessions you keep are made pure.

4. Sawm (Fasting) Fasting During the Month of Ramadhaan

For one month of the year, Muslims refrain from food, drink and keep away from things that distract us from worship. This is done during the day from dawn till dusk. Although fasting is beneficial to health, fasting is a form of worship. Additionally it helps us to remember others who are less fortunate.

5. Hajj (Pilgrimage) Pilgrimage to the Holy Sites in Makkah

Hajj is a journey to the holy sites in Makkah to perform various rituals. It is only obligatory once in a life time upon those who have the financial means and are physically able. The Pilgrims adorn simple garment that strip away any distinctions of class and culture, so they all stand equal before Allah. The final part of the Pilgrimage is at the Holy Kaa’bah (Cube) in the centre of the Great Mosque in Makkah.

The Five Pillars of Islam are the Fundamental duties in a Muslims life, which leads to living a good and responsible life according to Islam.

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